A version of the report was leaked decades ago, and its conclusions are not a surprise: The junta planned for an easy occupation, gambling the US would support them and Britain would simply let the islands fall into Argentine hands. Then Argentina's ill-equipped army had to scramble into a war footing after Margaret Thatcher sent a task force 8,000 milesinto the South Atlantic to take the islands back.
The report confirms Argentine soldiers were sent from the subtropics into winter conditions without proper clothing, food or weapons, and were treated as cannon fodder by their own officers - pushed into battle without having had basic training in weaponry and combat.
"Troops weren't adapted or equipped to handle the weather or the living conditions," and yet they had to face "a highly equipped and trained enemy," the report concluded. "Military commanders encouraged the preconceived notion that there would be no armed conflict, and that the situation would be resolved diplomatically, which affected the morale of the forces and their readiness for combat."
The Argentine occupation began on April 2, 1982, and ended 74 days later with British troops crushing the ill-prepared Argentines, at the cost of more than 900 lives.
Tensions have increased between Buenos Aires and London ahead of the 30th anniversary. Argentina says Britain has violated treaties and United Nations resolutions by militarizing the South Atlantic. It has sought to isolate Britain and the islands by barring trade, ships and planes from adjacent Argentine territory, and has gained diplomatic support across Latin America.
Retired Colonel Augusto Rattenbach, whose father, General Benjamin Rattenbach, co-authored the report, said releasing it is important for moral as well as historical reasons.
War, he said, "is not the right way to solve these problems - diplomacy is."